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Plot Devices:
Deus Ex Machina or Chekhov's Gun?


----Original Message----
"What are your thoughts on Good Deus Ex Machinas? I find them hard to pull off realistically in a plot." -- Puzzled Writer
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A Deus Ex Machina is when the Hero doesn't find the solution to the story's problem. The solution is handed to them, or taken care of, by someone or something far more powerful.

From TV Tropes:
tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php…
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A Deus Ex Machina is an outside force that solves a seemingly unsolvable problem in an extremely unlikely (and, usually, anticlimactic) way. If the secret documents are in Russian, one of the spies suddenly reveals that they learned the language. If the writers have just lost funding, a millionaire suddenly arrives, announces an interest in their movie, and offers all the finances they need to make it. If The Hero is dangling at the edge of a cliff with a villain stepping on his fingers, a flying robot suddenly appears to save him.

The term is Latin for god out of the machine, and has its origins in Greek theater. It refers to situations in which a crane (machine) was used to lower actors or statues playing a god or gods (deus) onto the stage to set things right. It has since come to be used as a general term for any event in which a seemingly fatal plot twist is resolved by an event never foreshadowed or set up.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Good Deus Ex Machina only happen when they've been set up to happen all along and were simply overlooked--which means they're not really Deus Ex Machina...

--They're actually a Chekhov's Gun.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"If you say in the first chapter that there is a rifle hanging on the wall, in the second or third chapter it absolutely must go off. If it's not going to be fired, it shouldn't be hanging there."
- Playwright Anton Chekhov (From S. Shchukin, Memoirs. 1911.)

Thornton Reed: "Take this, Dag."
Dr. Rick Dagless M.D.: "What is it?"
Thornton Reed: "Something that might come in handy."
- Garth Marenghi's Darkplace, "Scotch Mist"


"Honestly, what kind of situation would require the use of a pair of fake arms and a remote-controlled wheelchair? Only, I imagine, a completely ludicrous one!"
- Father Ted
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Example:
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
At the beginning of the horror flick, the sheriff says he's gonna cruise by later that night to keep an eye on the troubled teen watching over the huge creepy mansion--because said teen is known for painting Graffiti.

Back in the big empty house, the radio and the TV blast out "Crazed Killer on the Loose in our area! Be on the look out...! News at Eleven."

Creeped out, the kid calls a few of his friends over to keep him company.

His friends try to get him drunk enough to graffiti the house.

Eventually, the kid decides, "Why the hell not?"

Right at that moment the monster strikes! It terrorizes the troubled teen and kills off his friends. Blood! Guts! Mayhem! Screaming...!

Finally, the monster corners the kid on the roof with no place else to go.

Out of nowhere, a police helicopter shows up to rescue the kid.

-- Deus Ex Machina?

The copter door swings open and it's the sheriff. He wasn't just keeping an eye on the kid, he was also watching out for the crazed killer that had been all over the news for days.

-- NOT a Deus Ex Machina -- a Chekhov's Gun! This was set up to happen from the beginning. However, this works even better if....

Before the kid can get up on the copter, the monster finds a way to drag the helicopter down from the sky.

With the judicious use of a can of spray paint and a lighter, the monster's eyeballs are fried goo. The kid makes his escape straight into the REST of the cops heading up the road.

The cops shoot down the crazed killer and the kid goes on National Television saying how Graffiti saved his life. The End
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

An example of a Chekhov's Gun that LOOKS like a Deus Ex Machina can be found in the closing scene to Final Fantasy VII where the heroes tried everything to save the world, but failed. Suddenly, the world saved itself using the Life-stream--the power that had been the focus of the story's main problem since the story's opening. This Deus Ex Machina power had been there from the very beginning, yet had been overlooked making it in fact, a Chekhov's Gun.

However, an even better ending came with Dirge of Cerberus, where one of the least understood characters in the Final Fantasy VII cast proved to have had a monumental power sleeping inside him all along--that was again, overlooked.


Getting it on Paper...
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
If you really want to use a Chekhov's Gun, it helps to think of a story as a Circle. It should End where it Began with the main problem at the beginning of the story being the last problem solved. This means you need to have the Solution to that main problem present at the beginning of the story--preferably in the opening scene, but discounted, or not thought of as anything special.

By the way, most Fairy Tales and Fables tend to have a Circular plot pattern -- ending where they began.

Enjoy!
----Original Message----
"What are your thoughts on Good Deus Ex Machinas? I find them hard to pull off realistically in a plot." -- Puzzled Writer
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Good Deus Ex Machina only happen when they've been set up to happen all along and were simply overlooked--which means they're not really a Deus Ex Machina...
--They're actually a Chekhov's Gun.


DISCLAIMER: As with all advice, take what you can use and throw out the rest. As a multi-published author, I have been taught some fairly rigid rules on what is publishable and what is not. If my rather straight-laced (and occasionally snotty,) advice does not suit your creative style, by all means, IGNORE IT.

Ookami Kasumi
[link]

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:iconwritingrin:
WritingRin Featured By Owner May 13, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
Ah you are SO RIGHT about that scenario working better:
"With the judicious use of a can of spray paint and a lighter, the monster's eyeballs are fried goo.... and the kid goes on National Television saying how Graffiti saved his life. The End"

Haha, that amused me so much!!!

Great guide, thanks!
Reply
:iconsutherlandjj:
sutherlandjj Featured By Owner Aug 6, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Isn't Dues Ex Machina simply a Chekhov's Gun that was set up off screen?
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2014  Professional Writer
A Chekhov's Gun MUST be set up on-stage --where the readers/viewers can actually see it-- to be a Chekhov's Gun.
Reply
:iconone-eyehitomi:
One-eyeHitomi Featured By Owner Jun 15, 2014  Student General Artist
This is so helpful! 
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2014  Professional Writer
I'm glad you like it!
Reply
:iconcpttori:
CptTori Featured By Owner Jan 28, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
So "Indiana Jones: Raiders of the Ark" would technically be a "Deus Ex Machina"?
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2014  Professional Writer
Not at all because 1) Indy explains everything important about the Ark --including what it does-- before he goes anywhere near the Ark, and 2) we SEE supernatural things happening around the Arc --the Nazi Eagle burns away on the Ark's box-- before Indy even gets involved.
Reply
:icon1st-hashirama-senju:
1st-Hashirama-Senju Featured By Owner Jan 10, 2014

This is useful.


I want to avoid the dreaded Dues Ex Machina; it can very easily ruin a story.


And I am wondering, since I do Naruto stories. Would it be Dues Ex Machina or Chekov’s Gun if some ninja had Wind Release jutsu, used one Wind Release jutsu before earlier on the story, then saves the main character later on with a different Wind Release jutsu, and it’s not a newly created jutsu but one that has been around before the story starts. Just want to be sure.


And I have seen a story ruined by a Dues Ex Machina, the Mass Effect series. It’s a video game series, and the third game had the worst one I have ever seen. It was a device called The Crucible and there is a character that shows up in the last ten minutes called The Catalyst. Both are only revealed in the third game. They were never hinted at in the second game or first game. There were many other factors that ruined the series for me, but I just wanted to give an example of a Dues Ex Machina ruining a story.

Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2014  Professional Writer
"Would it be Dues Ex Machina or Chekov’s Gun if some ninja had Wind Release jutsu, used one Wind Release jutsu before earlier on the story, then saves the main character later on with a different Wind Release jutsu, and it’s not a newly created jutsu but one that has been around before the story starts."

This is a Chekov’s Gun because you SHOW that this ninja can do a wind release jutsu long before the rescue. In the Naruto world, it's established that if one knows One elemental jutsu, one will have learned others too.

It's because Dues Ex Machina ALWAYS ruin stories that people hate them so much. It's CHEATING!
Reply
:icon1st-hashirama-senju:
1st-Hashirama-Senju Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2014
Thanks for clearing it up. :)

And that is true, Dues Ex Machina is cheating. And you are right, it always ruins stories.
Reply
:iconladybeelze:
LadyBeelze Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
this was helpful! *0*
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2013  Professional Writer
Awesomme!
 -- I love being helpful. ♥
Reply
:iconmestranonaiya:
Mestranonaiya Featured By Owner Mar 3, 2012  Hobbyist
TvTropes is awesome! And this was very helpful, too. I was aware of Chekhov's gun and Deus ex Machina, but this made it clearer. :)
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Mar 3, 2012  Professional Writer
TV Tropes is Weeks of fun!
-- I'm glad you like my essays. I try to make my tutorials as no-nonsense and easy to Use as possible.
Reply
:iconthe-leviathian:
The-Leviathian Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2010   Traditional Artist
haha, only reason i noticed this was cause it carries the title of a book ive been working on.
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jul 26, 2010  Professional Writer
It's not the first time I've had a tutorial noticed for that exact reason. *grin*
Reply
:iconmiakachiba:
miakachiba Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2010   Photographer
Haha, everything I've ever done plotwise is totally a set of Chekov's Guns.
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2010  Professional Writer
Me too! LOL!
Reply
:iconmiakachiba:
miakachiba Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2010   Photographer
It's even funnier, since in the game I'm writing now, the amount of them seems to have jumped exponentially and I'm still only on the first half of a series that will take up at least two games xD
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2010  Professional Writer
From what I've observed, Games kind of Have to be loaded with Chekhov's Guns because you can only use what's in the game to get anywhere. You can't ADD anything.
Reply
:iconmiakachiba:
miakachiba Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2010   Photographer
Well I don't think they have to be, but I think the better games, especially the better BL games, are. For example, I wouldn't really call a game like Absolute Obedience as full of them, in fact, it's why the game plot is flat and boring, despite the pretty pictures.
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2010  Professional Writer
According to what I've read on it, Absolute Obedience is more of a Visual Novel than a game. Each path seems to lead to a random chapter rather than a means to a particular end.
Reply
:iconmiakachiba:
miakachiba Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2010   Photographer
Yeah, AO is definitely very random and the pieces don't come together.

Animamundi and even Enzai are both in the same style, but they had better writers and both turned out to be better games because of it. Despite the lack of explicitness in Animamundi, the plot made it my favorite game (and my game emulates that ideal of plot first, porn later).
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jul 3, 2010  Professional Writer
Well, being a writer, crappy stories actually inspire me to write them the way they Should be. Then I publish them and make money off of them. *wink*

It's not That hard to change a few names and descriptions around to make a fan-fic original.
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconaque-mizuhara:
aque-mizuhara Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2010  Hobbyist General Artist
+1 !
Someone had to tell it to deviantART. Good job, fellow Troper!
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jun 16, 2010  Professional Writer
LOL!
-- I'm thrilled you appreciate my efforts. *grin*
Reply
:iconstitches777:
Stitches777 Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2010  Student General Artist
TV Tropes? WIN.
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2010  Professional Writer
I spend waaaay too much time on that site.
Reply
:iconbladedancer190:
BladeDancer190 Featured By Owner Jun 10, 2010  Hobbyist Photographer
I've seen Chekhov's gun done before, but I'd never heard it called that and directly noticed it. I've always just enjoyed it as a surprise ending that isn't cheap, because it was set from the beginning. Thanks for naming the device for me, and the description. It was interesting and informative, as are the rest of your tutorials that I've read thus far. I'm not actually a writer, but even from the aspect of a reader they are fun to read.
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jun 11, 2010  Professional Writer
WOw, I'm glad you like reading my essays. That you're Not a writer yet you still enjoy them is high praise indeed!

(See? Tutorials Don't have to be boring!)
Reply
:iconbladedancer190:
BladeDancer190 Featured By Owner Jun 12, 2010  Hobbyist Photographer
I'm glad I like them too, they're fun. :)

Nope, they don't have to be boring at all.
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Jun 12, 2010  Professional Writer
I leaned a long time ago that people remember things much better if their funny--or Sarcastic. *grin*
Reply
:iconbladedancer190:
BladeDancer190 Featured By Owner Jun 13, 2010  Hobbyist Photographer
True that.
Reply
:iconchillwinterheart:
chillwinterheart Featured By Owner Mar 2, 2010
I know all about Deus Ex Machina... but Chekhov's Gun?? Wow....
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Mar 2, 2010  Professional Writer
Glad I could point out something new and intresting.
Reply
:iconpixls-ink:
PixLs-Ink Featured By Owner Feb 7, 2010  Student Traditional Artist
*Claps*
That was a very interesting read.
Reply
:iconookamikasumi:
OokamiKasumi Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2010  Professional Writer
I'm glad you liked it!
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